The Volunteer State is a state that has a long history in the United States. Tennesseans played a key role during the War of 1812 as part of Andrew Jackson’s militia. This volunteer force was vital in the Battle of New Orleans and also helped Andrew Jackson in the annexation of Florida.
Tennessee is known as the Volunteer State for a number of reasons. Its militia was instrumental during the War of 1812, and newspapers at the time praised the military spirit of the men of Tennessee. The Volunteers’ reputation was further cemented during the Mexican American War, when President James K. Polk called for volunteers to fight for the United States.
Volunteers are an important part of Tennessee’s history, and many famous people have served their country proudly. One famous volunteer was David “Davy” Crockett. A legendary soldier from East Tennessee, Crockett served as a congressman, and he is considered the personification of the Volunteer name. In fact, his image was used as the inspiration for Tennessee’s athletic logo in 1983. He also made the ultimate sacrifice while fighting for the Texas campaign.
A large part of Tennessee’s history is tied to slavery. While it tolerated slavery until 1865, the southern and western regions of the state remained pro-Union. Today, Tennessee is home to a diverse landscape with many beautiful valleys and waterfalls. Its geography is unique, and it is home to the Blue Ridge Mountains, which reach the highest point in North America.
After the fall of the Confederate States, slavery in Tennessee was abolished. By the end of the war, Union troops occupied the majority of the state, which depleted its resources and contributed to social breakdown in many areas. At the time, however, the Confederates still held eastern Tennessee.
As the Volunteer State, Tennessee was known for its military prowess. At one point, the Volunteers won the Battle of New Orleans and became national heroes. They were instrumental in the formation of the United States. The independence of Tennessee was short-lived because the eastern states refused to join the cause, and the western states quickly regained control of those counties.
The Tennessee River is the largest tributary in the nation and lies in the southeastern region of the state. The river is part of the Great Loop, a river system that spans eastern Canada and the eastern United States. It has several access points for recreational watercraft.
The Watauga Association is a historical document of American history. It is the first constitution in North America and is considered the first self-government constitution. However, the settlers were extremely aggressive and created hostility between the natives and the settlers. In response, Native Americans sided with the British in the early settlement wars. In 1776, the Watauga Association signed a petition that affirmed allegiance to the rebellious cause against England, but did not claim independence from the British.
The Watauga Association was established in 1772 as a way to organize the region and govern the local population. The “constitution” incorporated the Virginia code of laws and outlined the structure of the government. It included five magistrates who were in charge of executive business, a clerk who recorded court deliberations, and a sheriff who executed judgments. The names of the first five commissioners are unclear, but are plausible. One of them may have been John Sevier or James Robertson. The fifth member was Jacob Brown.
The history of Tennessee is deeply intertwined with the Watauga Association. This semi-autonomous administration was built by frontier settlers in Elizabethton, Tennessee, but it did not last for long. However, it shaped upcoming governments in the trans-Appalachian region. Additionally, slavery was legal in Tennessee for a period of time.
The Watauga Lake is a great place for boating and fishing. However, despite its name, the lake is far from the cleanest lake in the USA. According to the TVA’s latest reports, the lake’s ecological health was rated mostly “good” between 2010 and 2018, but many of its surrounding lakes were rated higher. The TVA operates 31 TVA reservoirs, including Watauga Lake. It is also the highest-elevation reservoir in the state. At full pool, the lake is nearly 1,950 feet above sea level. Consequently, it is cooler than similar locations.
Andrew Jackson’s militia
Andrew Jackson’s militia in the Volunteer State consisted of roughly 620 men and two regiments. Each company had an average of 50 to 70 soldiers and was equipped with a fife and drum. The regiment also consisted of two rifle companies, each with a bugler. It was dismissed at Columbia, Tennessee, in April 1814, but many soldiers later reenlisted under Colonel Edward Bradley and joined Jackson in the Creek War.
The men in Jackson’s militia were mostly farmers, who worked for tobacco plantations in the Volunteer State. A few were wealthy landowners in Rutherford County. John Coffee, who had been a business partner of Jackson, was married to Rachel Jackson’s niece. They had two children together. The regiment was composed of two volunteer regiments, under Colonels Benton and Hall, and one regiment of mounted gunmen under Colonel John Coffee. The regiment marched overland into the Mississippi Territory, now part of Alabama. The troops were camped in the area around Natchez in mid-February, where Jackson received orders from the Secretary of War.
Although Jackson was an untested military leader in 1812, his actions as leader and commander of his militia earned him respect from his men. In spite of his rebuke by Madison’s government, his men gave him a chance to prove himself. The outcome was a victory, and Jackson would go on to become president.
At the Battle of Horseshoe Bend, the Cheatham Regiment was composed of 520 men. However, many men were transferred to an artillery squad prior to the battle. One of these men, Private John Caffery, Jr., was the nephew of Andrew Jackson’s wife Rachel. Another member of Jackson’s militia, Archer Cheatham, was a prominent citizen of Springfied.
Andrew Jackson’s militia played an important role in settling the conflict with the Creeks. The British had planned to use the renegade Creeks to harass the southern frontier. However, Jackson’s military strategy worked and he won. By May 1814, Jackson was promoted to the rank of major general in the regular army. The Volunteers, led by Jackson, were able to defeat the British invasion force in less than an hour. The British army suffered 291 casualties, and more than four hundred soldiers were captured. During the conflict, Jackson’s forces recorded thirteen casualties, 58 wounded, and 30 missing men.
The Confederate States Army (CSA) was a powerful military force, and fought as the military arm of the Confederate States. As such, the Confederate Army became subject to the authority of Congress. The Constitution gave Congress the right to make laws and rules regarding the land and naval forces, including how officers were selected.
The Confederate government authorized a total of 100,000 men to serve in their army. President Abraham Lincoln then asked all of the Union’s friendly states to supply 75,000 men for three-month service. In response, Confederate President Jefferson Davis called for another 100,000 volunteers to join his army.
The President of the Confederate States authorized the recruitment of these men and organized them into superior organizations, including brigades and divisions. These troops were then appointed officers in accordance with state law. This legislation also established broad discrimination between volunteers and militia. A volunteer unit would be regarded as an army of the Confederate States, and recruits would be considered part of the volunteer state.
The Tennessee State Library and Archives has opened a new exhibit tracing the military service of Tennessee. The exhibition, titled “The Volunteer State Goes to War: Tennessee Veterans,” includes soldiers who served in the Revolutionary War and the Vietnam War. The Volunteer State’s tradition of military service has continued to this day.
Tennessee sent a contingent of cavalry troops during the Civil War. This unit was responsible for patrolling and defending the railroad lines in East Tennessee. In February 1865, the 11th Tennessee Cavalry was attacked by a Confederate force and lost a significant amount of men. However, the troop continued to serve its duties in East Tennessee. After the war, it was consolidated with the 9th Tennessee Cavalry.